Felici e condenti: Quel dente rotto

Happy and confident: That broken tooth

Today we talk about an unpleasant topic: the cavity that we all know. It stings and pricks and, in the end, we feel a literally excruciating pain. One word, one pain, a completely avoidable condition that keeps us awake at night and makes us swear to brush our teeth better so it won't happen again. And, in the end, voilà a new cavity

The cavity – treat instead of "drill"

But can it be avoided? Could it be that the predisposition to cavities is in my DNA? So is it my parents' fault?

Let's talk about it with Dr. Alberto Fanelli. Some of you may know him from our article on vegan nutrition. If you don't know him, take a look.

As we already know: the origin of all dental problems is plaque. Here you can read everything you need to know about plaque.

But let's get back to the cavity: the enemy that swells our cheeks without mercy.

Nora: Dr. Fanelli, how does a cavity form?

Dr. Alberto Fanelli: The bacterium Streptococcus Mutans present in plaque feeds on the carbohydrates on the tooth, that is, the sugars in our food, which in turn are transformed into acids and make the enamel porous, facilitating the intrusion of harmful microorganisms. Essentially, the tooth is destroyed from the inside.

Dr. Alberto Fanelli

Specialized in Endodontics, Conservative and Prosthetics

Not a very appealing image, indeed.

In fact, this process must be stopped immediately. The most important weapon is the toothbrush. But people with crooked teeth or many crevices risk not being able to remove plaque simply by brushing their teeth, because they can't reach the blind spots. Therefore, plaque has more time to spread and produce more acids. In such cases, small channels can form – here comes the cavity.

How can you recognize a cavity?

There are several types or stages of the condition. When you think you have identified a cavity, consult a dentist immediately. The best way to recognize cavities, however, is the semi-annual visit to your dentist because no one checks your teeth as thoroughly as we do. For self-diagnosis, consider the following symptoms:

Initial cavity: The enamel is already demineralized in the affected parts of the tooth. That is, you see white, transparent, or brown spots. In this case, the damage is not yet so severe and reversible. Do not hesitate to call your dentist.

Dentin cavity: The enamel shows evident traces, that is, brown spots.

Deep cavity: The bacteria have already penetrated the enamel and reached the dentin. Pain begins. The tooth shows dark grooves. A symptom can also be bad breath.

Pulp cavity: The bacteria have reached the dental pulp causing extreme pain, especially with a parallel inflammation of the root canal. To avoid further complications, we reiterate to consult a dentist immediately.

Can I stop the cavity?

With a bit of luck, the initial cavity can be slowed down with fluoride and proper oral hygiene. The damage to the enamel can be removed with a fluoride varnish.

How is a cavity treated?

The cavity must be removed using a turbine, then we seal the tooth with a filling. If we are dealing with a deeper cavity, things get complicated, such as when a root canal or a prosthesis is needed. In the worst case, the tooth is lost.

How can I prevent cavities?

Our saliva is the most important ally in the battle against cavities. It contains minerals that remineralize the enamel and neutralize the acids present in the mouth. However, this cannot happen if we continue to snack or drink sugary drinks. We should not eat between meals, but drink plenty of water. Also, keep in mind not to brush your teeth until 30 minutes after the last meal. Otherwise, you will remove the enamel temporarily weakened by the acids.

Can we use our promis gel as a prevention for cavities?

According to a study, the promis gel slows down the formation of Streptococcus Mutans by up to 70%, the bacteria responsible for cavities. Therefore, the risk is significantly reduced. Additionally, the promis gel is a perfect option for unmotivated people or those with crooked teeth, crevices, or blind spots.

against plaque, tartar, and cavities

Here's what we learned …

The secret formula against cavities is simple: a balanced diet, few sugars, good oral hygiene, fluoride-rich toothpaste (here you can find the promis paste), and drink plenty of water. And one last weapon: the semi-annual visit to the dentist and hygienist. More convenient and less painful than a treatment or intervention.

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